Rupture of a Nitroaniline Reactor
Ronald J. Willey (Northeastern University)
This case study of the rupture of a nitroaniline reactor demonstrates safety concepts that are especially important to both new and experienced engineers including:
- Runaway reactions need to be understood and appropriately controlled to prevent major losses.
- A Safety review is an important process for identifying potential problems and developing approaches to solve the problems.
- Redundant controls are needed in critical applications.
- Relief systems consisting of a rupture disk followed by a spring operated relief valve must be properly installed and maintained.
- Training operators and engineers to recognize the consequences of operating errors is important.
- Management decisions to override safety systems must be thoroughly thought through before implementation of such action.
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